Civil movement

What was the movement of Khalistan, which began and this is the fall

New Delhi: After successfully ousting Imran Khan’s government from power, the Pakistani spy agency ISI has once again attempted to destabilize India through the Khalistani movement.

New ISI leader Nadeem Anjum, whose appointment to the top job was opposed by Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, wants to use the global penetration of Sikh separatists to fuel unrest in Punjab and the rest of the world. neighboring states.

Also Read: Khalistan flags hoisted at door of Himachal Pradesh assembly, CM says strict action against culprits

In this regard, some sympathizers of the Khalistan movement had installed a number of Khalistan flags on the gate and walls of the Himachal Pradesh assembly on May 8. The state, which is led by the BJP under Jairam Thakur, is expected to go to the polls later this year.

Chief Minister Jairam Thakur condemned the act and challenged them to come in broad daylight if they have the courage.

Every day, the terrorist organization and its sympathizers post tweets accompanied by a video, calling on people to join their ranks for a separate country like “Khalistan”. In their tweets, they also tag journalists, social activists and political figures.

It should be noted that on May 6, the leader of Sikhs for Justice (SFJ), Gurpatwant Singh Pannu, instructed his cadres to erect the Khalistan flag in Shimla after the Indian Counter Terrorism Front burned their flag outside the office. Deputy Commissioner in Himachal Pradesh in April. 29.

Over the past year, a series of terrorist attacks and activities have been carried out by the secessionist force in Punjab and neighboring areas. The attacks include a grenade attack on a military camp in Pathankot, an attack on the CIA police station in SBS Nagar, an explosion in Jalalabad in Fazilka, and a grenade attack on a police station in Roopnagar and a tiffin bomb found in a well in Una.

The movement, which seemed long dead, has once again taken center stage.

Also Read: On Khalistan flag incident in Himachal, BJP takes on Kejriwal’s AAP

Learn more about the Khalistan movement:

The call for a separate homeland for the Sikh community began after the fall of the British Empire in the 1940s, but gained traction in the 1970s and 1980s. They wanted a separate country made up of northern India, parts of western India and the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Days after the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto offered to help create a separate Sikh nation. The movement flourished in India with financial and political support from the Sikh diaspora.

Under the leadership of Akali Dal, the Punjabi Suba movement was started for the creation of a new state for the Punjabis after independence. The States Reorganization Commission had denied their request. Later, Indira Gandhi had to give in on a large number of ongoing protests across the state in 1966.

Two states – Haryana and Punjab and one union territory – Chandigarh were created by merging the hilly areas with Himachal Pradesh.

The Akali Dal under Prakash Singh Badal fought hard against the Congress party in the elections of 1967 and 1969. According to analysts, to control the ascending graph of the Akali Dal in the state, the Congress party made come Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, a religious scholar.

Bhindranwale’s target were Hindus and Sikhs who used to cut their hair and consume alcohol.

Also read: 4 suspected Khalistan terrorists arrested in Karnal, Haryana; arms cache recovered

Timeline of the Khalistani movement in Punjab

In the 1970s-80s the movement turned violent and the chorus for a separate nation began to grow rapidly. However, the move was quickly suppressed by the then Congress government led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984. For this, she had to pay the price with her life, four months later.

In 1978, Bhindranwale preached against the Nirankaris, which led to a clash between Sikhs and Nirankaris. About 15 Nirankaris were killed.

In 1980, the Khalistanis killed Nirankari leader Baba Gurcharan Singh. Punjab Kesri’s editor, Lala Jagat Narain, was killed the following year. He was writing against the Khalistani movement. In all these incidents, Bhindranwale was the main accused. He was arrested but released for lack of evidence against him.

With the help of the Akali Dal, he started a civil disobedience movement against the Punjab government in 1982. IG Police Deputy AS Atwal was killed as he left the Golden Temple in Amritsar .

In 1983, 74 Hindus were killed after being separated from a bus in Lalru. In December 1983, Bhindranwale made the Golden Temple his residence.

With his skill and insight, the Indo-Pakistani war hero of 1971, Shubheg Singh fortified the Golden Temple with Bhindranwale’s foot soldiers in April 1984.

Indira Gandhi ordered Operation Bluestar to flush out all the Golden Temple terrorists. Bhindranwale and his accomplice were neutralized and the Indian army took control of the sanctuary in June 1984.

Also read: Khalistan outfit SFJ denies supporting AAP, says letter of support forged by Bhagwant Mann

Aftermath of Operation Bluestar

In October 1984, Gandhi’s two Sikh bodyguards killed Indira Gandhi as she was walking in the morning at her residence in Lutyens Delhi.

A number of Sikh politicians, including Amarinder Singh, had resigned from the party. Several writers including Khushwant Singh returned the awards and recognition they had received from the government.

After Gandhi’s murder, over 8,000 Sikhs were massacred in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots across the country.

In 1985, Canadian-based Sikh extremists attacked an Air India plane, killing 329 people.

In 1986, two bicycle terrorists assassinated former army chief general AS Vaidya in Pune. He had led Operation Bluestar.

In 1995, Punjab Chief Minister Beant Singh was killed in a suicide bombing inside the secretariat in Chandigarh.

Since 2007, Sikhs for Justice (SFJ), a US-based Sikh separatist group, has launched a secessionist campaign to liberate Punjab from India.

He was trained by Gurpatwant Singh Pannu, a law graduate from Panjab University. Currently, he is a lawyer in the United States. He is also SFJ’s legal counsel.

In 2020, the Union Home Office declared him a Designated Terrorist under the UAPA and ordered the seizure of his property.

Last updated May 8, 2022, 7:02 PM IST